John Markakis
Professor of African Studies
18 South Avenue
Exeter EX1 2DZ, UK
44+1392 255749

P.O. Box 210
Rethymno, Greece
30+28310 61116

Markakis' latest publication is Ethiopia: The Last Two Frontiers (Oxford: James Currey, 2011).

Professor Markakis received his B.A. in political science from Brooklyn College and his MA and Ph.D. in government and African studies from Columbia University. He specialises in the political economy of African states, with a particular focus on Ethiopia and its neighbours in the Horn of Africa. He has taught in the City University of New York, University of Addis Ababa, St. Johns University (New York), University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland, University of Zambia, University of Edinburgh, University of Crete, and the Institute of Social Studies (Hague). He was a research fellow at Sussex University, Manchester University, Exeter University, Addis Ababa University, the University of Khartoum and Osaka University.

Prof. Markakis has authored several books on the area and subjects of his specialisation including

Prof. Markakis has prepared scientific reports on issues concerning state building, national integration, ethnicity, regional, religious and ethnic conflict, pastoralism, crossborder trade, regional security, and the arms trade in the Horn of Africa for international and national organisations, including the International Institute for Education and Development (London), Institute of Mediterranean Studies (Athens), Scandinavian Institute of African Studies (Uppsala), Peace Research Institute (Oslo), Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Mac Arthur Foundation, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Ethiopian Ministry of Federal Affairs, Great Britain Department for International Development, IGAD, EU, UNRISD, UNEP, UNEP, IOM and NOVID.

His latest publication is Ethiopia: The Last Two Frontiers (Oxford: James Currey, 2011). Markakis presents an overarching, concise historical profile of a momentous effort to integrate a multicultural empire into a modern nation state. The concept of nation state formation provides the analytical framework within which this process unfolds and the changes of direction it takes under different regimes, as well as a standard for assessing its progress and shortcomings at each stage. Over a century old, the process is still far from completion and its ultimate success is far from certain. In the author's view, there are two major obstacles that need to be overcome, two frontiers that need to be crossed to reach the desired goal. The first is the monopoly of power inherited from the empire builders and zealously guarded ever since by a ruling class of Abyssinian origin. The descendants of the people subjugated by the empire builders remain excluded from power, a handicap that breeds political instability and violent conflict. The second frontier is the arid lowlands on the margins of the state, where the process of integration has not yet reached, and where resistance to it is greatest. Until this frontier is crossed, the Ethiopian state will not have the secure borders that a mature nation state requires.

Professor Markakis has edited and contributed to several collective works including:

Prof. Markakis has also contributed many articles to international journals and the entries on “Ethiopia” in the New African Yearbook (London: 1970, 1980, 1981); Colliers Encyclopaedia (New York: MacMillan, 1981); Merit Students’ Encyclopaedia (New York: MacMillan, 1981); the entry on the “Government of Ethiopia” in the Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World (1991, 1999); the entry on “Eastern Africa” in the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1995); the entry on “Eritrea” in the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1995). He is contributing editor to the Review of African Political Economy.